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The 9th (Scottish) Division was the senior division of the first of Kitchener's New Armies. It came into being towards the end of August 1914 and moved to France in May 1915 and at the beginning of July it took over a sector of the line around Festubert. Its first major battle was Loos (September 1915) in which it suffered six thousand casualties in three days. The first half of 1916 was spent in the "Plugstreet" sector during which time Churchill was there, commanding 6th Royal Scots Fusiliers. In May 1916 one of the brigades, the 28th, was broken up and replaced by the South African Brigade, which had just arrived from Egypt; it proved to be one of the finest brigades in the British Expeditionary Force. For the first three weeks of July the division was on the Somme - Bernafay, Longueval and Delville Wood (now the site of South Africa's National Memorial) - with losses of 7,200. After a rest and a month in the Vimy sector it returned to the Somme in October, near the Butte de Warlencourt. Several unsuccessful attacks against that feature resulted in a further 3,100 casualties. From December 1916 to August 1917 the division was on the Arras front, taking part in the First and Third Battles of the Scarpe (five thousand casualties) before moving to Ypres in September at the height of Third Ypres. A month's fighting there cost nearly another five thousand casualties. In 1918 the division distinguished itself during the German Offensive, earning the praises of the Commander-in-Chief and even the Kaiser, and in the final advance to victory. The 9th Scottish was a first-class division. It gained seven Victoria Crosses and the total casualty list amounted to some 54,600. It was selected to be part of the Army of the Rhine, one of four New Army divisions, and in March 1919 it was renamed "The Lowland Division". Appendices give the Order of Battle; command and staff lists with the various changes, a table showing periods spent in the line, with locations; a table of battle casualties and the Victoria Cross citations. The maps are good with adequate detail for actions to be followed. Reprint of the 1921 original edition.
  • AUTHOR: Ewing, J
  • FORMAT: 435pp 20 Bw 11 maps Hb
  • Code: 17398

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