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ELITE No 155 ROMAN BATTLE TACTICS 109 BC-AD 313


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How, exactly, did Rome become master of the ancient world? This book examines and illustrates the tactics employed by the legions of late Republican and early Imperial Rome, from the evidence o f ancient writers. The greatest military machine in the Western world for at least four centuries, the Roman Army was the foundation of the Western military tradition, and its doctrines were central to the later revival of trained, drilled professional armies. Here the evidence is discussed in clear detail, and brought to life with battle plans and full colour interpretations of tactical scenarios.
Contents: The size and organisation of the legion – campaign attrition – From maniple to cohort: the cohort’s functional identity – command structure – Basic battle formations – Intervals in the battle line: control and cohesion – the – interval as a channel for attack and a defensive trap – the size of intervals · LEGIONARY BATTLE LINES AND MANOEUVRES: Simplex acies: Forum Gallorum, 43 BC – Ruspina, 46 BC – Carrhae, 53 BC: disastrous result of the abandonment of the simplex acies – Duplex acies: Ilerda, 49 BC – Maximinus’ agmen quadratum, AD 238 – Arrian’s array against the Alans, AD 135 – Triplex and quadruplex acies: Ilerda, 49 BC – the {muthul}, 109 BC – Chaeronea, 86 BC – Pistoria, 62 BC – Caesar in Gaul, 58 BC – Pharsalus, 48 BC: the devotio – Uzzita, 46 BC – the Rhyndacus, 85 BC: use of field entrenchments – Thapsus, 46 BC: mixed triplex and quadruplex acies – Second Philippi, 42 BC – Detached forces and surprise attacks: Tigranocerta, 69 BC – Aquae Sextiae, 102 BC: the morale value of noise – Lauron, 76 BC – Segovia, 75 BC: the refused centre – Downhill and uphill charges: Mts Armanus and Gindarus, 39 and 38 BC – Ilerda and Dyrrachium, 49 and 48 BC – First Philippi, 42 BC – Mons Graupius, 84 AD ·OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE FORMATIONS: The cuneus and ‘pig’s head’: use at Bonn, AD 69 – in Britain, AD 61 – at Cremona, AD 69 – The orbis: use at Cirta, 105 BC – by Sabinus and Cotta, 54 BC – by Caesar in Britain, 55 BC – by Chariovalda in Germany, AD 16 – by legio XXXVI at Nicopolis, 47 BC – at Adretum, AD 9 – on the Danube, AD 173 * 174 The testudo: use at Issus, AD 194 – at Daphne, AD 272 – at Cremona, AD 69 – The agmen quadratum and testudo: in Mark Antony’s retreat from Media, 36 BC – failure against Ardashir, AD 233 ·EPILOGUE: Adrianople, AD 313 – Ctesiphon, AD 363 * Colour plates by Adam Hook.
  • AUTHOR: Cowan, R
  • FORMAT: 64pp 60 Bw 8 col 248x184 Pb
  • Code: 24278

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